Hartley’s Safaris UK
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Hartley’s South Africa
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This trip is designed for 6 participants only with over 20 Namibian near-endemics including Rockrunner. Guests experience the Namib Desert and Skeleton Coast and the world-famous Etosha Pan mammals. Spend 3 nights in Botswana on the Okavango River which is the best place for Pel’s Fishing Owl and view the Carmine Bee-eater breeding colonies. Possible other sightings included are 9 species of owls, 6 species of bustards and 12 species of eagles.
This tour has been designed to have the best chances to see Namibia’s endemics, near endemics and regional specials, including the elusive Pel’s Fishing Owl, plus a wide diversity of African mammals and reptiles.
You will see from the itinerary that there are multiple opportunities to find some of the tricky bird species (especially the desert larks and other desert-adapted species), giving us the best chances of success. The reason we have done this is to avoid the temptation of rushing around trying to get the biggest list. Instead we allow you to focus on the birds that you will always remember and can only see here. However, having said that, we will be in some of Africa’s best birding areas and when birding we'll focus on all the available species (within reason) and will see a huge diversity.
A species list will be handed as part of your tour booklet and is available beforehand upon request. This is a dedicated birding tour with early starts and lots of time in the field. We will also search for and watch mammals and reptiles; Namibia has a fantastic diversity and we are likely to have some great sightings. Lion, African Elephant, Southern Oryx, Burchell’s Zebra, Hippopotamus, Banded Mongoose, to name a few, and perhaps even chameleons, geckos and many other creatures may capture our attention.
The tour is timed to coincide with the presence of mammals and large flocks of sandgrouse at the Etosha waterholes, the breeding season of Southern Carmine Bee-eater and the return of the summer migrants. The day may be hot, cooling off in the evening and we’ll travel in an air-conditioned mini-bus.
Meet the Tour leader:
Tertius Gouws leads birding tours in 9 African countries and has a special interest in mammals, volunteers as a wildlife vet and is an accomplished bird photographer. He has that rare balance between showing people good birds and sharing his photographic insights. His sharp eye and gentle nature are key in making his tours such a success.
On this Birding Africa Namibia Okavango Tour, we'll explore the scenic Erongo Mountains for Hartlaub’s Spurfowl, Short-toed Rock-thrush and the endemic Rockrunner, before driving west to Walvis Bay with its abundant shorebirds on one of Africa’s richest estuaries. Here we’ll stay for two nights.
We’ll then head north east via Spitzkoppe, premier site for Herero Chat, and the Brandberg inselberg where the surrounding gravel plains are home to a variety of endemics including the recently described Benguela Long-billed Lark. We may also be lucky enough to glimpse the rare desert-adapted African Elephant.
From here we continue north to Etosha National Park for four days (staying in rest camps within the park or just outside the park, depending on availability), before heading north towards Rundu and the well-watered Caprivi region. Crossing the border into Botswana, we will stay three nights at Shakawe on the Okavango Panhandle (one of the best places to see Pel’s Fishing Owl).
Finally, we’ll visit Mahango Game Park and the Waterberg Plateau Park before our journey concludes at Windhoek airport.
When: Dates (17-day tour) 15 Sep - 1 Oct 2017Cost: Guaranteed Price: From $5460.00 per 2 pax and $590.00 for a single, including transfers, drinks and tips.
Hot air balloon adventures in Sossusvlei promise a most memorable and truly romantic way to experience Namibia’s brilliant vista. This soul-satisfying journey offers excellent photographic opportunities and lifelong memories.
Awaken before dawn and set out in the early morning moonlight to a designated launch site, where you can watch excitedly as the balloons are brought to life. Giant, hot bursts of flame slowly inflate the brightly coloured nylon, strung to robust baskets that rest on their side. As the sun’s first rays peek over the scarlet sand dunes, the hot air balloon drifts slowly upward, revealing the undulating landscapes of Sossusvlei.
This sensory experience will let you see the world from a true bird’s-eye view as you sniff the cool, fresh air, feel the wind caress your hair, touch the warm pockets of air created by gusts of flame overhead and taste the champagne victory upon landing, a longstanding tradition among balloon pilots. As you float amongst the clouds, the sun rises dramatically over the horizon, throwing hues of gold and rose across the vast sky. Marvel at the wide expanse of sand dunes that seemingly never end.
Watch as mighty herds of gemsbok shrink in size below you and spot the enigmatic fairy circles, which stand out as indented circular patches devoid of vegetation and are an intriguing phenomenon of the Namib Desert. These mysterious rings have been the subject of many theories that include, dragons, gods, and UFOs.
The balloon soars at varying heights and gradually rotates with the morning breeze, constantly giving you a new perspective of the desert. Many animals gaze up at the neon ball in surprise and curiosity as it passes overhead. The seasoned pilot will eventually select the perfect landing spot, just in time for a grand celebratory bubbly breakfast, where you can recap the morning’s bucket list moment as you savour a delicious morning meal.
THE SPIRIT OF SOSSUSVLEI DESERT LODGE
Take a breather from your hectic schedule and reconnect with yourself and with nature at Sossusvlei Desert Lodge.
Surrounded by the mountains and sand dunes of the Namib Desert, Sossusvlei Desert Lodge is an escape to the world as it should be. Sheer silence, total tranquillity and romantic luxury. From stargazing to intimate picnics in the desert, this is an extraordinary desert wilderness.
Nestled deep in the heart of Namibia’s ancient Namib Desert in Southern Africa, the lodge is a secluded and serene oasis that overlooks awe-inspiring dunes and stony outcrops. A world of vast spaces, endless horizons and rugged mountain heights, the utter tranquillity and extraordinary clarity of light make this area one of Africa’s most compelling landscapes.In this spectacularly beautiful location, spacious and serene suites envelope guests in pure indulgence, complete with an outdoor shower and a dramatic skylight over the bed for late night star gazing.
If you’re up for something more active, quad biking adventures, hikes and walks will let you explore the surrounding scenery and satisfy your sense of adventure.
Why we love it
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A Serengeti balloon safari is an extraordinary opportunity to relish a bird’s eye-view of the phenomenal sweeping plains below. Tiny little dots rove across the diverse landscape and as you get closer you are spectator to the most magnificent view of dramatically striped black and white zebra, sashaying enormous grey elephants meandering to a waterhole, wiry warthogs foraging in the grassy scrub and subtle swishes of puffed golden tails reveal lions lolling under shady trees.
Gently bob through the air and your eye darts to every possible corner, euphoric on adrenalin this stunning approach to absorbing the home of the wild things is truly an overwhelming experience, where very little can hide from you here.
TANZANIAN ROMANTIC EAST AFRICA SAFARI ITINERARY: Sleep in the boughs of an ancient forest, camp on the Serengeti plains, bathe in rose petals at the Ngorongoro Crater and relax on a private island.
Your journey at a glanceIndulge in the drama of East Africa’s most beautiful landscapes, from the romance of classical safari to the wonder of breath-taking landscapes and the barefoot luxury of a private island. At Lake Manyara you will share a cosy tree house in the heart of a scenic landscape, where lions lounge in the forks of trees and pink flamingo wade near the lakeshore.Enjoy a taste of adventure combined with the ultimate luxury on the open plains of the Serengeti, where Persian carpets and fully sized beds are separated from the African night by only a thin sheet of canvas and the light of lanterns sparkles on silver and crystal as your private feast is served in the open air.
Transfer to Lake Manyara Day 1 Upon your arrival at Kilimanjaro International Airport you will be met by your transfer team who will assist you to your scheduled flight to Manyara Airstrip. On arrival at the airstrip, you will be met by a representative from Lake Manyara Tree Lodge for your first game drive to the lodge.
Overnight in Lake Manyara Day 1-3 Spend two nights at Lake Manyara Tree Lodge. Accommodation is in an elegant, stilted treehouse, which is cradled in the boughs of mahogany trees. Your room is built of timber and makuti (palm fronds) and has a spacious sitting area, viewing deck and a lovely ensuite bathroom.
Find tree-climbing lions Day 2 Game drives from Lake Manyara Tree Lodge explore areas of the park that cannot be reached by day visitors and are undisturbed by others. Each morning and afternoon set off in the company of your guide and tracker in an open 4×4 safari vehicle with a canvas canopy. Together you will explore the diverse habitats of the park, stopping on the lakeshore to admire the different bird species and look for pink flamingo. You will traverse a mosaic of acacia woodlands, grassy floodplains and tall forest in search of wildlife, including Manyara’s famous tree-climbing lions and family herds of elephant.
Bicycle ride through Mayoka village Day 2 - afternoon Guests at Lake Manyara Tree Lodge can enjoy a scenic guided bike ride through the Mayoka community. Drive to Mayoka to collect your bicycle and begin. Cycle through this bustling village and interact with the friendly people, including the nomadic Mang’ati tribe, adorned with traditional animal skin cloaks, skirts and colourful beads. A picturesque bike ride brings you to the lakeshore, where you can admire bright pink flocks of flamingos. If the birds are close enough, put on some gumboots and walk out to observe and photograph them. All proceeds go directly to the Mayoka community.
Transfer to Ngorongoro Crater Lodge Day 3 Enjoy an early morning breakfast before a safari vehicle drive back to the Manyara airstrip, where you will be met by a representative from Ngorongoro Crater Lodge who will drive you to the lodge.
Overnight in Ngorongoro Crater Lodge Day 3 - 5 The Ngorongoro Crater Conservation Area, within the Serengeti, is home to more than 30 000 protected animals. It is an area of spectacular beauty and excellent game viewing, a truly unique safari destination in Africa. The Ngorongoro Crater, once a gigantic volcano, is the largest intact caldera in the world. Some maintain that before it erupted, it would have been higher than Mt Kilimanjaro, the highest peak in Africa. Today, long since having collapsed and eroded, it is an extensive highland area with the famous 600 metre deep Ngorongoro Crater as its focal point. Nearly three million years old, the ancient caldera shelters one of the most beautiful wildlife havens on earth. Fresh springs and a large soda lake quench the thirst of all the inhabitants. Black rhino are protected within its rim, giant tusked elephants wander the forests, black-maned lions stalk the grasslands, and flamingos crowd the soda lakes.
Spend two nights at Ngorongoro Crater Lodge. Accommodation is in a suite with ensuite bathroom with bath and shower.
Dine in an ancient volcano Day 4 Indulge in a gourmet feast served in one of the most unique settings in Africa. Descend into the scenic landscape of the Ngorongoro Crater and enjoy the incredible density of wildlife before making your way to a private picnic spot on the Crater floor. Tables set with snowy tablecloths and sparkling silver cutlery are laden with the most delectable of dishes. An army of butler’s spring into action to attend to your every wish as you indulge in a mouth-watering meal served against the backdrop of groups of zebra strolling along the Crater floor.
Transfer to your flight to the Serengeti Day 5 Tuck into a sensational breakfast feast before your drive back to the Manyara airstrip for your scheduled flight to Serengeti Under Canvas.
Overnight in the Serengeti Day 5 - 8 Spend three nights at Under Canvas in an ensuite tent. Your stay includes accommodation, meals, scheduled activities, laundry, soft drinks, house wines, local brand spirits and return airstrip transfers.
Float above the Serengeti Day 6 Experience the breath-taking beauty of the Serengeti National Park on a once-in-a-lifetime hot air balloon flight. At dawn, rise as the sun greets the day and float in whichever direction the winds of the morning take you. Your pilot can precisely control the altitude of your balloon: sometimes flying at treetop height, sometimes lower, offering a unique perspective and great photographic opportunities of the wildlife below. At other times you will probably ascend to 1000m or more to see the enormity and wonderful panorama of the Serengeti. From time to time the pilot must put more heat into the balloon with the powerful whisper burners. In between these burns, there is silence apart from the natural sounds below.
Get front row seats to the Great Migration Day 7 Game drives are tailored to suit your preference, with a choice between shorter, twice-daily drives or one full-day game drive, with a stop for a picnic lunch. The game drives are carefully planned to anticipate the progress of the Great Migration, so you should not have to travel too far to see the vast herds. However, if the Migration has moved off, or the dramatic river crossings are in progress, you may choose to spend more time on the vehicle in order to maximise your chances of seeing this incredible phenomenon. When the Migration herds are not within easy reach, the properties are perfectly situated in some of the most remote and beautiful corners of the Serengeti, with game drives setting off in search of the exceptional resident game. Game drives are conducted in the Serengeti National Park, so off-roading and night drives are not permitted.
Flight to Zanzibar Day 8 Depart by road to the Airstrip, where you will board your scheduled flight to Zanzibar Airport.
Transfer to Mnemba Island Day 8On arrival in Zanzibar you will be met by a representative who will assist with your road transfer to the crossing point for Mnemba Island. Here you will be met by a boat for your transfer to Mnemba Island Lodge.
Overnight on &Beyond Mnemba Island Day 8 – 11Spend three nights at Mnemba Island Lodge in a Banda. Your stay includes accommodation, meals, soft drinks, house wines, local beer, local brand spirits, snorkelling, kayaking, salt water fly-fishing, windsurfing and scuba diving (guests must provide proof that they hold a valid diving certificate, alternatively diving courses are available at an additional cost.
Immerse yourself in a world beneath Day 9
Zanzibar boasts a variety of pristine coral reefs, particularly off Unguja Island, the main island of Zanzibar, as well as Pemba Island and Mnemba Atoll. Boasting calm waters and a wide variety of colourful marine species, these are some of the top dive sites in the world. Keen divers will find diving off Zanzibar an absolutely breath-taking experience, with some of the healthiest reefs in the Indian Ocean. An average water temperature of 26ºC / 79º and visibility of 30 to 40 metres / 100 to 130 feet, as well as truly staggering range of marine wildlife, make this an unforgettable diving destination.
Paddle along the beach Day 10 - morning Explore the warm Indian Ocean waves in utter tranquillity in a deep sea kayak built for two. Ask one of Mnemba’s Dive Instructors for a quick tutorial session or set off with your partner on the quiet waters protected by the island’s surrounding reefs. Paddle along the beach to admire the changing features of the shoreline or head out into deeper waters in the hope of encountering a pod of dolphin or some sea turtles.
Reawaken your soul and relax your body Day 10 - afternoon Seize the wonderful opportunity to rejuvenate and heal in true African style. Embrace wide ranging wellness and spiritually awakening activities that draw inspiration from the breath-taking scenery of this unique and colourful island.
Delight in massages and wellness treatments by professional masseurs and therapists from East Africa, Thailand, Bali, and India. Be sure to try traditional cures and reflexologies, as well as an island inspired henna tattoo.
In addition to wonderful wellness treatments, indulge in a spiritual based activity from India. Channel your energy and increase your self-awareness with a yoga class placed against the background of a clear ocean. Classes are plentiful and can be accommodated to fit all levels of experiences and preferred styles.
Transfer from Mnemba Island to Zanzibar Airport Day Depart by boat to the crossing point, where a member of the &Beyond team will meet and transfer you to Zanzibar International Airport for your flight to Dar es Salaam Domestic Airport. On arrival at the Domestic Terminal of Dar es Salaam International Airport you will be met by a representative and transferred to the International Terminal for your outbound flight.
Rates: 11 Days, 10 Nights From USD 10 365 per person sharing.
Cycle Malawi is working to promote cycling tourism as positive force for responsible travel in Malawi. They provide different cycle tours from race events, charity challenges to custom-designed interactive cycling tours to support community development projects in partnership with local communities, NGOs and tour operators in Malawi.
Embark on leisurely five days mountain biking on a light route passing the scenic landscapes of Malawi’s southern mountain forestry, wildlife wilderness and crystal lakeside waters. From exploring the winding trails of Zomba’s Plateau. Visit the dramatic wildlife contrasts of wet grassy marshlands Liwonde National Park and up pass along the shire rivers tributaries into the clear Cape Maclear’s gateway to Lake Malawi’s pristine and deserted islands.
DAY 1Through the breath-taking abundance of natural waterfalls, idyllic reservoirs and green pines head north from the foothills of Zomba Plateau descend to a peaceful night’s sleep under moonlight skies. Towering pines illuminating and casting shadows across the age old trees and historical old architecture. Enjoy a delicious chef cooked menu, leisurely game of darts and rejuvenate over a drink underneath the starlight Plateau.
DAY 2After breakfast depart north and cycle north for a medium 65.7km trekking across the valleys leading into the beginning of the shire river. Passing peaceful countryside and backgrounds of distant highlands that dip and create beautiful stretches of ridges and sweeping views across the horizon. Crossing into a vast plain at the tip of Liwonde N.P
DAY 3Cycle further northwards into Liwonde National Park. A beautiful 560km stretch of abundant games plain etched with wildlife sightings of hippos’ and crocodiles co-existing within the bordering river marshlands. Elephants, black rhino , antelope, lions and leopards. Not forgetting the fascinating birdlife and home to Pel’s Fishing owl just one of the many wonderful birds to keep yours peeled out for.
DAY 4Disembark after a mesmerising sunset of marsh and silhouettes of the wild. Set your cycle to a new contrasting landscape as you make way following the river to the eastern shores of Lake Malawi, overlooking a distant giant wall of mountains on the northern shore of the lake. A blanket of clear blue unveils its gracefully setting the sky a wondrous purple orange just before dawn.
DAY 5Onward to where the parting of the eastern shores converges to Cape Maclear, your gateway to Lake Malawi’s National Park. Here pristine & deserted islands lie between an oasis of water sporting adventure activities, fisherman boats and serene shoreline lodges. Uncover a haven tucked away beneath the extended valleys and tropical heat reaching across the bay and dip into the coastal water of Mumbo island after a short ferry across the freshwater lake.
DAY 6Return by boat to Cape Maclear dusting of the sand from your bicycle and shoes. Time permitted enjoy a cycle through the picturesque village and narrow streets of Cape Maclear, grab a gin until your final return transfer to your departing flight or further travel arrangements.
Total distance cycled: approx. 248KMLevel of difficulty: Light – MediumSuitable time: May – November
Cruising on a cargo ship might seem unusual if not absurd. But travellers do tag along for the ride on working vessels that frequently are transporting cargo and stopping at sometimes mundane ports.
Mundane might not sell cruises, but that word also could suggest an absence of gaudy tourism. Exotic, unspoiled attractions sometimes exist a short distance from an ordinary port city, and freighter cruise passengers generally have more time at a port for exploration.
So for the more adventuresome travellers among us, freighter cruises provide opportunities the vast majority of cruise passengers never experience.
‘One of the most remote inhabited islands in the world’
St Helena is one of the world’s last “undiscovered” destinations. The island is 2 000 kilometres from Africa, the nearest landmass, and boasts a spectacular variety of landscapes and vistas.
With between 400 and 502 endemic species, and impressive marine biodiversity, it is on the United Kingdom’s list for possible future UNESCO World Heritage Site status.
The clear and unpolluted waters around St Helena provide ample opportunities for divers of all abilities, and the island’s seafaring history ensures there’s plenty to explore…
Once there you will find hiking trails that cut through multi-hued volcanic hills; historic stone fortifications perched high over churning seas; Napoleon’s estate and tomb; huge whale sharks in gin-clear water; and, of course, that spectacular diving where ancient wrecks and reefs abound.
THE RMS ST HELENA CRUISE FROM THE CAPE TO ST HELENA ISLAND
• Cape Town to St Helena• A British outpost in the South Atlantic• Steeped in history• Dramatic coastal scenery and enchanted landscapes• A unique way of life
Board the RMS in Cape Town and sail to St Helena. Enjoy the on board activities, learn about the early explorers who came to the island in much the same fashion as you are doing today.
Explore this stunning island, so full of natural beauty, wonderfully friendly people and an abundance of activities to enjoy. Visit the Napoleonic sites of Briars Pavilion, Longwood House and Napoleon’s Tomb and walk on pastures once occupied by prisoners of war during the Boer Wars. Meet Jonathan the tortoise, possibly the oldest tortoise in the world, enjoying life amongst the magnificent gardens of Plantation House, the Governor’s official residence. Of course, no visit to St Helena would be complete without taking in some of the magnificent coastal and inland walks, which can be guided if you prefer. Botanical and Endemic Plant and Fauna Tours are available locally and the St Helena Conservation Group and National Trust arrange guided walks throughout the year.
Take a leisurely tour in the island’s only Charabanc, a highlight of which is a stop at the top of Jacob’s ladder with tremendous views across Jamestown. Whilst in Jamestown, a visit to the museum is highly recommended. Here you can see the history of Britain’s second oldest colony laid out before you, including issues of the current day that are helping to shape the future of the island. For those wishing to be more independent, cars can be rented and we suggest that reservations should be made prior to arrival on the island.
Leave the island for the return journey to Cape Town.
Arrive in Cape Town. Tour ends.
Did you know?
Until now, the remote tropical British territory of St Helena has only been accessible by ship. The advent of commercial flights has reduced journey times from days to mere hours. Today you can experience an extraordinary tale of history, nature and culture, in a place of unique character and unspoilt beauty.
A Quad Bike Safari in Botswana is fast becoming an experience at the top of most travellers’ bucket lists. Loved for being an exhilarating, unconventional way in which to explore Botswana, a quad bike safari entails all the luxuries of a classic Safari, but with a twist of adventure. Travel at your own pace by day and sleep under the stars of the Makgadikgadi Salt Pans at night – a truly authentic African travel experience.
7 Day Quad Bike Safari covers ground in the Makgadikgadi Salt Pans and Kubu Island. On your safari you will encounter the magnificent wildlife that roams the vast plains of Botswana but you will also have the privilege of meeting the Kalahari Bushmen and learning about their way of life.
Although some travellers might be sceptical of the level of comfort that a quad bike safari might offer, we can assure you that world class accommodation, cuisine and amenities await. While you get the chance to be active and outdoors, your luxury camp also gives you the opportunity to spend your time at leisure: practicing yoga, enjoying an afternoon high tea or simply spending time in the library with your book and the silence of magical Botswana.
From San Camp you will venture into the expansive salt pan on your quad bike expedition to Kubu Island. On your journey you will stop for sundowners and have the chance to watch a Botswana sunset that you will never forget.
On your 7 day quad bike safari you will stay in style at San Camp – a minimalistic cluster of white tents scattered across the mysterious Makgadikgadi Salt Pans, with an air of romance and safari elegance. Each luxury tent is sheltered by desert palm trees, giving you the utmost privacy when you settle in for the day.
The property also features a small natural history museum, a library, a tea tent and a tented yoga pavilion, perfect for a sunrise or sunset meditation session. If you want to explore further, you can visit the site of Chapman’s Baobab, spend time with the Zu/’hoasi Bushmen, track the brown hyena or visit a group of habituated meerkats.
Volunteer your time, grab a bicycle and lend a helping hand. We working closely with amazing people like you, dedicating which ever resources we have to come together and make a difference. There is always help needed from planting trees in Malawi’s forest catchment areas, removing protruding dry brush & grass to avoid early forest fires and litter picking along roads, rivers, trails and footpaths. Can you hold a tune or kick a ball even better tag along with a church choirs singing songs of conservation or tackle conservation efforts with a local football team.
T.R.E.E.Z - The Re-forestation of the Environmental Ecosystem of Zomba
This project concentrates on protecting and creating a natural ecosystem that will be beneficial to both the local communities and the fauna and flora of the Zomba Plateau, the Forest Reserve, and the surrounding area.
We understand that the Forestry Department regulations do not allow the harvesting of timber within 50m either side of a stream; unfortunately, in practice this has not always been the case. TREEZ therefore would like to assist the Forestry Department in protecting these areas, and in doing so, creating Water Catchment Conservation Corridors (WCCCs)
A well-managed and maintained commercial forestry plantation is a vital natural economic resource for a growing economy like Malawi’s and we do not want to infringe its’ viability. Rather, the intentions behind the founding of TREEZ are to work hand in hand with the Forestry Department in protecting and conserving the integrity of the Forest Reserve whilst helping to provide water, food, wood and potentially income to the local communities.
The Plantation Manager for Zomba and our local councillor (who used to work for the Forestry Department) helped us identify 40 hectares of land along several watercourses that will initially be allocated to this project.
HOW THE PROJECT WILL BE IMPLEMENTED:
HOW WILL IT BENEFIT THE LOCAL COMMUNITIES
Through active participation of the local communities we hope to engender a sense of empowerment and pride in the protection and maintenance of the environment and its ecosystem. TREEZ aims to develop an attitude of “enlightened self-interest” amongst the local communities around the Forest Reserve; whereby the communities see, understand, and realise both the direct and long-term benefits from helping to conserve the eco-system and environment of Zomba Plateau.
So far, we have completed the re-planting of two areas of WCCCs one 4 hectare site, and one 10.5 hectare site, a total of 17,980 trees; Zomba Forest Lodge financed this, together with donations we have received from guests, and we hope to raise the funds to complete the 40 hectares in this area over the course of the subsequent planting seasons.
Finally, we hope that the conservation areas, and TREEZ as a whole, could be considered pilot schemes and working models that can be potentially rolled out to the whole of the Zomba Forest Reserve and perhaps to other national Forest Reserves as well.